[bug#39728] Allow parallel downloads and builds
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Message ID 20200221235307.535fb453@tachikoma.lepiller.eu
State New
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  • [bug#39728] Allow parallel downloads and builds
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Commit Message

Julien Lepiller Feb. 21, 2020, 10:53 p.m. UTC
Hi guix!

This patch allows to count builds and downloads separately. The idea is
that downloads need bandwidth, but no CPU, while builds do not need
bandwidth, but need CPU. With this patch, guix will be able to download
substitutes while building unrelated packages. Currently, guix needs to
wait for the download to finish before proceeding to the build. This
should reduce the time of guix commands that need to build and download
things at the same time.

What do you think?

Comments

Ludovic Courtès Feb. 24, 2020, 9:23 p.m. UTC | #1
Hi!

Julien Lepiller <julien@lepiller.eu> skribis:

> This patch allows to count builds and downloads separately. The idea is
> that downloads need bandwidth, but no CPU, while builds do not need
> bandwidth, but need CPU. With this patch, guix will be able to download
> substitutes while building unrelated packages. Currently, guix needs to
> wait for the download to finish before proceeding to the build. This
> should reduce the time of guix commands that need to build and download
> things at the same time.
>
> What do you think?

I think it’s a good idea!

I wonder what the UI will look like: (guix status) would no longer
display a progress bar when there’s more than on job (build or download)
taking place at the same time.

>>From 9c059d81ba4f4016f8c400b403f8c5edbdb160c2 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: Julien Lepiller <julien@lepiller.eu>
> Date: Fri, 21 Feb 2020 23:41:33 +0100
> Subject: [PATCH] nix: Count build and download jobs separately.
                   ^
I’d write “daemon:” here.  :-)

> This allows to run downloads (that take bandwith) and builds (that take
             ^
“This allows us”

> CPU time) independently from one another.
>
> * nix/nix-daemon/guix-daemon.cc: Add a max-download-jobs option.
> * nix/libstore/globals.hh: Add a maxDownloadJobs setting.
> * nix/libstore/globals.cc: Add a default value to it.
> * nix/libstore/build.cc: Manage build and download jobs separately.

For the final patch, please specify the entities changed (classes,
functions, etc.).

> +    /* Number of download slots occupied.  This includes substitution and
> +       built-ins. */
> +    unsigned int nrDownloads;

Note that not all builtins are downloads.  Fixed-output derivations are
(usually) also downloads.

(It’d be the first time the daemon gets a notion of “download”.  We
should make sure it doesn’t conflict with other assumptions.)

>      /* Registers a running child process.  `inBuildSlot' means that
>         the process counts towards the jobs limit. */
>      void childStarted(GoalPtr goal, pid_t pid,
> -        const set<int> & fds, bool inBuildSlot, bool respectTimeouts);
> +        const set<int> & fds, bool inBuildSlot, bool inDownloadSlot,
> +        bool respectTimeouts);

How about replacing these two Booleans by a single enum?

> +    unsigned int curDownloads = worker.getNrDownloads();
> +    if (curDownloads >= (settings.maxDownloadJobs==0?1:settings.maxDownloadJobs) &&
> +                    fixedOutput) {

This is hard to parse and lacking spacing.  :-)  Perhaps make an
intermediate function or variable?

> +void Worker::waitForDownloadSlot(GoalPtr goal)
> +{
> +    debug("wait for download slot");
> +    if (getNrDownloads() < (settings.maxDownloadJobs==0?1:settings.maxDownloadJobs))

Same here.

> @@ -118,6 +119,7 @@ void Settings::update()
>  {
>      _get(tryFallback, "build-fallback");
>      _get(maxBuildJobs, "build-max-jobs");
> +    _get(maxDownloadJobs, "download-max-jobs");

We should also allow ‘set-build-options’ to set this option, as well as
add it to ‘%standard-build-options’.  That can prolly come in a separate
patch.

> +    { "max-downloads", 'D', n_("N"), 0,
> +      n_("allow at most N download jobs") },

We’d need to update doc/guix.texi.

It would be great if you could test this patch for your daily usage.  I
find it surprisingly easy to break things in the daemon.  :-)

Thank you!

Ludo’.
zimoun Feb. 25, 2020, 3:21 p.m. UTC | #2
Hi Julien,

On Mon, 24 Feb 2020 at 22:43, Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org> wrote:
> Julien Lepiller <julien@lepiller.eu> skribis:

> > This patch allows to count builds and downloads separately. The idea is
> > that downloads need bandwidth, but no CPU, while builds do not need
> > bandwidth, but need CPU. With this patch, guix will be able to download
> > substitutes while building unrelated packages. Currently, guix needs to
> > wait for the download to finish before proceeding to the build. This
> > should reduce the time of guix commands that need to build and download
> > things at the same time.
> >
> > What do you think?
>
> I think it’s a good idea!
>
> I wonder what the UI will look like: (guix status) would no longer
> display a progress bar when there’s more than on job (build or download)
> taking place at the same time.

Speaking about progress bar, it could be nice (as an improvement) to
have a concurrent progress bar. As an example, see:

http://hackage.haskell.org/package/concurrent-output


> It would be great if you could test this patch for your daily usage.  I
> find it surprisingly easy to break things in the daemon.  :-)

How can I do that?
After the 'make', how can change the daemon? And then revert it again
to the default one?


Cheers,
simon
Julien Lepiller Feb. 25, 2020, 3:39 p.m. UTC | #3
Le 25 février 2020 10:21:24 GMT-05:00, zimoun <zimon.toutoune@gmail.com> a écrit :
>Hi Julien,
>
>On Mon, 24 Feb 2020 at 22:43, Ludovic Courtès <ludo@gnu.org> wrote:
>> Julien Lepiller <julien@lepiller.eu> skribis:
>
>> > This patch allows to count builds and downloads separately. The
>idea is
>> > that downloads need bandwidth, but no CPU, while builds do not need
>> > bandwidth, but need CPU. With this patch, guix will be able to
>download
>> > substitutes while building unrelated packages. Currently, guix
>needs to
>> > wait for the download to finish before proceeding to the build.
>This
>> > should reduce the time of guix commands that need to build and
>download
>> > things at the same time.
>> >
>> > What do you think?
>>
>> I think it’s a good idea!
>>
>> I wonder what the UI will look like: (guix status) would no longer
>> display a progress bar when there’s more than on job (build or
>download)
>> taking place at the same time.
>
>Speaking about progress bar, it could be nice (as an improvement) to
>have a concurrent progress bar. As an example, see:
>
>http://hackage.haskell.org/package/concurrent-output
>
>
>> It would be great if you could test this patch for your daily usage. 
>I
>> find it surprisingly easy to break things in the daemon.  :-)
>
>How can I do that?
>After the 'make', how can change the daemon? And then revert it again
>to the default one?
>
>
>Cheers,
>simon

On the guix system, try (in a guix environment guix) sudo herd stop guix-daemon; sudo ./pre-inst-env guix-daemon --build-users-group=guixbuild 

To revert back, kill this (^C) and sudo herd start guix-daemon.
Pierre Neidhardt Feb. 26, 2020, 10:36 a.m. UTC | #4
Thank you so much for this, Julien!

There was a thread on this topic on the mailing list:
https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/guix-devel/2019-11/msg00002.html
(could not find the first email :p).

There were a couple other issues that were mentioned there.
This patch would be a first step towards more parallelization!

Patch
diff mbox series

From 9c059d81ba4f4016f8c400b403f8c5edbdb160c2 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Julien Lepiller <julien@lepiller.eu>
Date: Fri, 21 Feb 2020 23:41:33 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] nix: Count build and download jobs separately.

This allows to run downloads (that take bandwith) and builds (that take
CPU time) independently from one another.

* nix/nix-daemon/guix-daemon.cc: Add a max-download-jobs option.
* nix/libstore/globals.hh: Add a maxDownloadJobs setting.
* nix/libstore/globals.cc: Add a default value to it.
* nix/libstore/build.cc: Manage build and download jobs separately.
---
 nix/libstore/build.cc         | 75 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 nix/libstore/globals.cc       |  2 +
 nix/libstore/globals.hh       |  3 ++
 nix/nix-daemon/guix-daemon.cc |  5 +++
 4 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/nix/libstore/build.cc b/nix/libstore/build.cc
index 17e92c68a7..d08904c4ee 100644
--- a/nix/libstore/build.cc
+++ b/nix/libstore/build.cc
@@ -204,6 +204,7 @@  struct Child
     set<int> fds;
     bool respectTimeouts;
     bool inBuildSlot;
+    bool inDownloadSlot;
     time_t lastOutput; /* time we last got output on stdout/stderr */
     time_t timeStarted;
 };
@@ -231,10 +232,14 @@  private:
     /* Child processes currently running. */
     Children children;
 
-    /* Number of build slots occupied.  This includes local builds and
-       substitutions but not remote builds via the build hook. */
+    /* Number of build slots occupied.  This includes local builds but not
+       substitution, built-ins and remote builds via the build hook. */
     unsigned int nrLocalBuilds;
 
+    /* Number of download slots occupied.  This includes substitution and
+       built-ins. */
+    unsigned int nrDownloads;
+
     /* Maps used to prevent multiple instantiations of a goal for the
        same derivation / path. */
     WeakGoalMap derivationGoals;
@@ -275,15 +280,18 @@  public:
     /* Wake up a goal (i.e., there is something for it to do). */
     void wakeUp(GoalPtr goal);
 
-    /* Return the number of local build and substitution processes
-       currently running (but not remote builds via the build
-       hook). */
+    /* Return the number of local build processes currently running (but
+       not remote builds via the build hook). */
     unsigned int getNrLocalBuilds();
 
+    /* Return the number of downloads currently running. */
+    unsigned int getNrDownloads();
+
     /* Registers a running child process.  `inBuildSlot' means that
        the process counts towards the jobs limit. */
     void childStarted(GoalPtr goal, pid_t pid,
-        const set<int> & fds, bool inBuildSlot, bool respectTimeouts);
+        const set<int> & fds, bool inBuildSlot, bool inDownloadSlot,
+        bool respectTimeouts);
 
     /* Unregisters a running child process.  `wakeSleepers' should be
        false if there is no sense in waking up goals that are sleeping
@@ -295,6 +303,10 @@  public:
        might be right away). */
     void waitForBuildSlot(GoalPtr goal);
 
+    /* Put `goal' to sleep until a download slot becomes available (which
+       might be right away). */
+    void waitForDownloadSlot(GoalPtr goal);
+
     /* Wait for any goal to finish.  Pretty indiscriminate way to
        wait for some resource that some other goal is holding. */
     void waitForAnyGoal(GoalPtr goal);
@@ -1359,12 +1371,21 @@  void DerivationGoal::tryToBuild()
        derivation prefers to be done locally, do it even if
        maxBuildJobs is 0. */
     unsigned int curBuilds = worker.getNrLocalBuilds();
-    if (curBuilds >= settings.maxBuildJobs && !(buildLocally && curBuilds == 0)) {
+    if (curBuilds >= settings.maxBuildJobs && !(buildLocally && curBuilds == 0) &&
+                    !fixedOutput) {
         worker.waitForBuildSlot(shared_from_this());
         outputLocks.unlock();
         return;
     }
 
+    unsigned int curDownloads = worker.getNrDownloads();
+    if (curDownloads >= (settings.maxDownloadJobs==0?1:settings.maxDownloadJobs) &&
+                    fixedOutput) {
+        worker.waitForDownloadSlot(shared_from_this());
+        outputLocks.unlock();
+        return;
+    }
+
     try {
 
         /* Okay, we have to build. */
@@ -1648,7 +1669,7 @@  HookReply DerivationGoal::tryBuildHook()
     set<int> fds;
     fds.insert(hook->fromHook.readSide);
     fds.insert(hook->builderOut.readSide);
-    worker.childStarted(shared_from_this(), hook->pid, fds, false, true);
+    worker.childStarted(shared_from_this(), hook->pid, fds, false, false, true);
 
     if (settings.printBuildTrace)
         printMsg(lvlError, format("@ build-started %1% - %2% %3% %4%")
@@ -2030,7 +2051,7 @@  void DerivationGoal::startBuilder()
     pid.setSeparatePG(true);
     builderOut.writeSide.close();
     worker.childStarted(shared_from_this(), pid,
-        singleton<set<int> >(builderOut.readSide), true, true);
+        singleton<set<int> >(builderOut.readSide), !fixedOutput, fixedOutput, true);
 
     /* Check if setting up the build environment failed. */
     string msg = readLine(builderOut.readSide);
@@ -3034,11 +3055,11 @@  void SubstitutionGoal::tryToRun()
     trace("trying to run");
 
     /* Make sure that we are allowed to start a build.  Note that even
-       is maxBuildJobs == 0 (no local builds allowed), we still allow
-       a substituter to run.  This is because substitutions cannot be
-       distributed to another machine via the build hook. */
-    if (worker.getNrLocalBuilds() >= (settings.maxBuildJobs == 0 ? 1 : settings.maxBuildJobs)) {
-        worker.waitForBuildSlot(shared_from_this());
+       is maxDownloadJobs == 0 (no downloads allowed), we still allow
+       a substituter to run.  This is because we always need to download, so
+       not allowing is meaningless. */
+    if (worker.getNrDownloads() >= (settings.maxDownloadJobs == 0 ? 1 : settings.maxDownloadJobs)) {
+        worker.waitForDownloadSlot(shared_from_this());
         return;
     }
 
@@ -3107,7 +3128,7 @@  void SubstitutionGoal::tryToRun()
     outPipe.writeSide.close();
     logPipe.writeSide.close();
     worker.childStarted(shared_from_this(),
-        pid, singleton<set<int> >(logPipe.readSide), true, true);
+        pid, singleton<set<int> >(logPipe.readSide), false, true, true);
 
     state = &SubstitutionGoal::finished;
 
@@ -3242,6 +3263,7 @@  Worker::Worker(LocalStore & store)
     if (working) abort();
     working = true;
     nrLocalBuilds = 0;
+    nrDownloads = 0;
     lastWokenUp = 0;
     permanentFailure = false;
     timedOut = false;
@@ -3334,9 +3356,14 @@  unsigned Worker::getNrLocalBuilds()
     return nrLocalBuilds;
 }
 
+unsigned Worker::getNrDownloads()
+{
+    return nrDownloads;
+}
+
 
 void Worker::childStarted(GoalPtr goal,
-    pid_t pid, const set<int> & fds, bool inBuildSlot,
+    pid_t pid, const set<int> & fds, bool inBuildSlot, bool inDownloadSlot,
     bool respectTimeouts)
 {
     Child child;
@@ -3344,9 +3371,11 @@  void Worker::childStarted(GoalPtr goal,
     child.fds = fds;
     child.timeStarted = child.lastOutput = time(0);
     child.inBuildSlot = inBuildSlot;
+    child.inDownloadSlot = inDownloadSlot;
     child.respectTimeouts = respectTimeouts;
     children[pid] = child;
     if (inBuildSlot) nrLocalBuilds++;
+    if (inDownloadSlot) nrDownloads++;
 }
 
 
@@ -3362,6 +3391,11 @@  void Worker::childTerminated(pid_t pid, bool wakeSleepers)
         nrLocalBuilds--;
     }
 
+    if (i->second.inDownloadSlot) {
+        assert(nrDownloads > 0);
+        nrDownloads--;
+    }
+
     children.erase(pid);
 
     if (wakeSleepers) {
@@ -3386,6 +3420,15 @@  void Worker::waitForBuildSlot(GoalPtr goal)
         addToWeakGoals(wantingToBuild, goal);
 }
 
+void Worker::waitForDownloadSlot(GoalPtr goal)
+{
+    debug("wait for download slot");
+    if (getNrDownloads() < (settings.maxDownloadJobs==0?1:settings.maxDownloadJobs))
+        wakeUp(goal); /* we can do it right away */
+    else
+        addToWeakGoals(wantingToBuild, goal);
+}
+
 
 void Worker::waitForAnyGoal(GoalPtr goal)
 {
diff --git a/nix/libstore/globals.cc b/nix/libstore/globals.cc
index 0cc001fbe4..416033718d 100644
--- a/nix/libstore/globals.cc
+++ b/nix/libstore/globals.cc
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@  Settings::Settings()
     tryFallback = false;
     buildVerbosity = lvlError;
     maxBuildJobs = 1;
+    maxDownloadJobs = 1;
     buildCores = 1;
     readOnlyMode = false;
     thisSystem = SYSTEM;
@@ -118,6 +119,7 @@  void Settings::update()
 {
     _get(tryFallback, "build-fallback");
     _get(maxBuildJobs, "build-max-jobs");
+    _get(maxDownloadJobs, "download-max-jobs");
     _get(buildCores, "build-cores");
     _get(thisSystem, "system");
     _get(multiplexedBuildOutput, "multiplexed-build-output");
diff --git a/nix/libstore/globals.hh b/nix/libstore/globals.hh
index 27616a2283..c033f8ed56 100644
--- a/nix/libstore/globals.hh
+++ b/nix/libstore/globals.hh
@@ -90,6 +90,9 @@  struct Settings {
     /* Maximum number of parallel build jobs.  0 means unlimited. */
     unsigned int maxBuildJobs;
 
+    /* Maximum number of parallel download jobs.  0 means 1. */
+    unsigned int maxDownloadJobs;
+
     /* Number of CPU cores to utilize in parallel within a build,
        i.e. by passing this number to Make via '-j'. 0 means that the
        number of actual CPU cores on the local host ought to be
diff --git a/nix/nix-daemon/guix-daemon.cc b/nix/nix-daemon/guix-daemon.cc
index cd949aca67..6997c07f5a 100644
--- a/nix/nix-daemon/guix-daemon.cc
+++ b/nix/nix-daemon/guix-daemon.cc
@@ -99,6 +99,8 @@  static const struct argp_option options[] =
     },
     { "max-jobs", 'M', n_("N"), 0,
       n_("allow at most N build jobs") },
+    { "max-downloads", 'D', n_("N"), 0,
+      n_("allow at most N download jobs") },
     { "timeout", GUIX_OPT_TIMEOUT, n_("SECONDS"), 0,
       n_("mark builds as failed after SECONDS of activity") },
     { "max-silent-time", GUIX_OPT_MAX_SILENT_TIME, n_("SECONDS"), 0,
@@ -276,6 +278,9 @@  parse_opt (int key, char *arg, struct argp_state *state)
     case 'M':
       settings.set ("build-max-jobs", arg);
       break;
+    case 'D':
+      settings.set ("download-max-jobs", arg);
+      break;
     case GUIX_OPT_TIMEOUT:
       settings.set ("build-timeout", arg);
       break;
-- 
2.24.0